The Red Cross was established in Jamaica on the 8th of April 1948 as a Branch of the British Red Cross and recognized as a National Society on the 2nd October 1964.

It's constitution is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their additional protocols of 1977 and 2006 to which the Government of Jamaica is party.

The Jamaica Red Cross is officially recognised as by the Government of Jamaica, in the Jamaica Red Cross Society Act of Parliament No. 40 – 1964 as a Voluntary Relief Society, auxiliary to the public authorities, and in particular to the Medical Services of the Armed Forces in accordance with the 1949 Geneva Conventions, and the only National Red Cross Society which may carry out its activities in Jamaica.